Classroom teacher with opportunities for collaboration with the music and art teachers.
Composing and Planning
Connecting to History and Culture
Communication and Collaboration
Students will learn about the history behind the writing of “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Students will develop an understanding of the significance of America’s national anthem through interactive online activities, writing blended poetry, and scripting a skit.
Learn “The Star-Spangled Banner”
Understand the history that influenced the song’s lyrics
Learn about the individuals involved in writing “The Star-Spangled Banner” and the flag that inspired it
Become familiar with the timeline of events leading up to the writing of “The Star-Spangled Banner” and with the related events since then
Group or Individual Instruction
What You'll Need
1 Computer per Small Group
The teacher should:
Have a thorough knowledge of the lyrics and tune of “The Star-Spangled Banner”
Be familiar with the War of 1812
Know about Francis Scott Key and what inspired him to pen “The Star-Spangled Banner”
More information can be found at:
Prior Student Knowledge
Students should know that most countries have a national anthem and that America’s is “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
Media Center or Library
Small Group Instruction
Test internet connection. Photocopy handouts for students, including "Star-Spangled
Banner and the War of 1812." Procure necessary art supplies. Accessibility Notes
ELL students should be encouraged to research the history of their native countries’ national anthems. Hearing impaired students should be taught how to sign “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
Resources in Reach
Here are the resources you'll need for each activity, in order of instruction.
1. Ask the class whether they know what a national anthem is and why America has one Record their ideas on the board. .
2. Tell students that they are going to sing the first verse of “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Tell students that there are four verses but that the first verse is the one that is traditionally sung. Display the lyrics in the Engage tab above and play the melody below.
3. Review with students the vocabulary in The full lyrics are available in the Resource Carousel “The Star-Spangled Banner” and be sure to define any words with which the class may be unfamiliar. Engage tab above.
4. Ask students to describe how singing “The Star-Spangled Banner” makes them feel. List students’ thoughts on the board and discuss their ideas.
5. Ask students to describe the melody of “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Have students list adjectives to describe it (e.g.: fast, slow, loud, strong, etc.). Ask students to brainstorm occasions when “The Star-Spangled Banner” is usually sung and how it makes them feel when they hear it.
6. Explain to students that when “The Star-Spangled Banner” was adopted as the national anthem, the tune was already well-known in America and was originally popular in Britain. Play the original song, "To Anacreon in Heaven" below.
1. Explain to students that as a class, you will acquire and test their knowledge of the events leading up to and the history of “The Star-Spangled Banner.”With the computer hooked up to an LCD projector, visit the Smithsonian's 'War of 1812' as a class. In this interactive online activity, students will work together read about the history of “The Star-Spangled Banner” and answer quiz questions in order to collect stars to complete the flag.
2. Explain to students that they will be focusing on the events that inspired Francis Scott Key to write “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Print “Star Spangled Banner and the War of 1812,” an article from the Smithsonian and distribute a copy to each student. Read the handout aloud and discuss with the class. After reading the handout, ask the class to list what they think most influenced Francis Scott Key to pen “The Star-Spangled Banner.” List their responses on the board.
3. Have students work in small groups to write brief skits in which they describe the events leading up to Key writing “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Divide students into eight small groups. Distribute the 'War of 1812 and “The Star-Spangled Banner” Skit Chronology' handout located within the Resource Carousel to guide students as they create their skits. Assign one of the skit chronology events to each group.
Students should work with their groups to research their events further
(if necessary) and create a skit illustrating their event. Encourage students to use props, visuals, and dialogue to portray and communicate setting, time, people involved, context of the event, and how the event is related to the writing of the national anthem.
4. Have each group perform their portion of the chronology for the rest of the class.
1. Explain to the class that they are going to write blended poems. Blended poems are a mixture of original phrases and phrases from a pre-existing source which, when put together, create an original poem.
2. Using their The "Star-Spangled Banner" 'Song Lyrics' printout found within the Resource Carousel Have students copy these lines onto the Blended Poetry worksheet. Apply tab, have students underline or highlight their five favorite phrases or lines from “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
3. Explain to students that they are now going to write five phrases having to do with what they’ve learned about “The Star-Spangled Banner.”
4. Once students have generated their phrases, instruct them to merge their original phrases with the five phrases they selected from “The Star-Spangled Banner” on the Blended Poetry Worksheet printout, also located above. Have students illustrate their blended poems on a separate piece of paper.
5. Assemble blended poems and illustrations into a Star-Spangled Scrapbook which can be displayed in the classroom.
1. Stage a closing performance in which students sing “The Star-Spangled Banner” and read their blended poems. You might consider doing this in conjunction with any local Veterans’ Day or Memorial Day observances. Otherwise, you may choose to videotape the performance or invite parents.
2. Have a closing discussion about what students have learned. Ask the class whether they will feel differently about hearing or singing “The Star-Spangled Banner” now that they know more about it.
Common Core State Standards Initiative seeks to bring diverse state curricula into alignment through a set of common learning goals and assessments. In 2010, Standards were released for English language arts and mathematics. Common standards have not yet been released for science, social studies, and other subject areas, including the arts. In addition, some states have yet to, or have chosen not to, adopt the Common Core standards.
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Lessons connect to the National Standards for Arts Education, the Common Core Standards, and a range of other subject area standards.
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