The lesson can be taught by the language arts or media instructor; however, this lesson can be used in any alternative or supplemental program, such as life skills, guidance, or health classes.
Creativity and Innovation
Developing Arts Literacies:
Applying Vocabulary, Analyzing and Evaluating - Critique
Life and Career Skills:
Social and Cross-Cultural Skills
In this second of three lessons, students will continue their exploration of concepts in advertising. Students will specifically discuss the following terms: purpose, target audience, and value of advertisements. Students will also examine the advertisements that they have brought to class from home. Students will then begin to add details, such as text and symbols, and color to their original, hand-drawn advertisements.
Develop an understanding of basic concepts in advertising.
Think critically about the purpose of advertising, and what the term "target audience" means.
Apply selected elements and principles of art to create an advertisement of their own.
What You'll Need
1 Computer per Learner
Word Processing Software
If students are creating electronic illustrations, teachers need to use appropriate illustration software (which will vary depending on the available resources).
Prior Student Knowledge
Students should have a basic understanding of:
Students should also have been through lesson one of this unit
Visual Arts Studio
Small Group Instruction
Make copies of handouts. Prepare samples of marketing plans and original advertisements. Research and prepare different types of advertisements (television and radio commercials, magazine/newspaper ads, website advertisements). Accessibility Notes
For hearing impaired students, use captions visual presentations. For visually impaired students, give an option of creating an audio advertisement as opposed to a visual one. Use age-appropriate advertisements and kid-friendly products.
Resources in Reach
Here are the resources you'll need for each activity, in order of instruction.
1. Begin this lesson with by continuing the conversation from the previous lesson on the purpose, target audience, and value of advertisements in general. Ask the following questions:
How did the advertisements for different categories of kid-oriented products differ from one another?
What audiences were targeted for each category of toys?
For television ads, were there differences in the types of programs during which the advertisements appeared?
These questions can be answered aloud or written in student journals.
1. Refer to the Target Audience and Purpose handout for background information. Review the two key terms and provide one or two examples of how a student would determine target audience and purpose for a particular product.
2. Review the Elements of Art handout. Discuss how size, color, and realism can add depth to ads. Be sure to discuss how each of these elements can determine whether the advertisement will be successful.
1. Have students take out the advertisements that they brought in from home.
2. Then, ask students to discuss as a class why each advertisement they have brought to class is or is not successful. Elements of art and media such as audience, target audience, size, color, and realism should be discussed.
3. Extend the discussion by asking the following:
How do the advertisements for different categories of kid-oriented products differ from one another?
What audiences were targeted for certain categories of toys?
For television ads, were there differences in the types of programs during which the advertisements appeared? Does this have an effect on sales?
1. Ask students to answer the following question:
What do you think constitutes an effective or ineffective advertisement with respect to the elements and principles of art?
During the ensuing discussion, have students refer to the handout Elements and Principles of Art, or you may wish, if time permits, to have students explore the interactive site, The Artist's Toolkit. Both resources are available within the Resouce Carousel.
2. Return to students the drawings that they began in the previous lesson. Remind them that they will transform these drawings into advertisements. Students should now focus on adding details to their drawings, such as color, text, and symbols (such as price).
Use the Assessment Rubric to evaluate your students' work. The rubric is avaible within the Resource Carousel
1. Have students draw a media-awareness cartoon like those on the Ask students to name one component in advertising that they would like to let other kids know. Have them draw a cartoon to inform the other students about media-awareness. media awareness network website.
2. For upper grades, have students create a "spoof ad". Students may need an introduction to the concepts of irony and sarcasm, which are implicit elements of such advertisements. Some recent examples of such television ads include the Geico Insurance and the Old Navy store commercials.
3. Have students survey a number of advertisements from different media resources. An extension activity handout is available in the Resrouce Carousel. Students will survey products through television commercials, websites, and specific products (such as cereal).
Common Core State Standards Initiative seeks to bring diverse state curricula into alignment through a set of common learning goals and assessments. In 2010, Standards were released for English language arts and mathematics. Common standards have not yet been released for science, social studies, and other subject areas, including the arts. In addition, some states have yet to, or have chosen not to, adopt the Common Core standards.
During this transitional period, A rtsE dge will present all relevant state and nationals standards as they apply to our lessons.
National Standards for Arts Education
For the full text of the content and achievement standards in Arts Education, visit our
Lessons connect to the National Standards for Arts Education, the Common Core Standards, and a range of other subject area standards.
Common Core/State Standards
Select state and grade(s) below, then click "Find" to display Common Core and state standards.