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Bessie Smith

Article: Hear With Your Eyes: Jazz and Art
Romare Bearden makes music with his art. Learn how to “hear” a painting
Blues, Jazz, Music, Music Legends, Visual Arts

The Story Behind The Picture: White Angel Breadline
In White Angel Breadline, her first documentary photograph, Dorothea Lange enabled Americans to see the tragic effects of the Great Depression. The image evoked national sympathy, rather than scorn, for the hungry and homeless.
America, Controversial, History, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts

Hip-Hop artists

Series: Hip-Hop: A Culture of Vision and Voice
Hip-hop is global, lapping on every shore and landing at every airport. But what does Hip-Hop mean?
Hip-Hop, Young Artists, Dance, Dance Legends, Choreographers, Innovators & Pioneers, Musical Instruments, Music, Poetry, Visual Arts

Migrant Mother by Dorothea Lange

Master + Work: Dorothea Lange and Migrant Mother
See how Lange used her camera to tell the story of Depression-era Americans
America, Controversial, Geography, History, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts

Kennedy Center

Collection: A Few of Our Favorite Things...
From musical theater to music in space, our media collections reflect the breadth and depth of the performing arts in America and around the world. These are some of our staff favorites--we'd love to hear yours!
Backstage, Dance, Education, Jazz, Music, Theater, Visual Arts, World Cultures

Japanese Noh theater

Collection: Japan
Larger-than-life calligraphy, giant bamboo weaving, and robots both real and toy... experience the vibrant diversity of the arts across Japan.
Japan, Asia, Backstage, Cartoons, Comics, & Animation, Fashion, Innovators & Pioneers, Musical Instruments, Inventions, Language, Music, Popular Culture, Visual Arts, World Cultures

Shapes and colors

Collection: Shapes & Colors
Color, shapes, and patterns. Watch as artists sculpt with fire and ink with mops-- from bamboo to paper to glow-in-the-dark paint (and one "alphabetical engineer"), learn the ways visual artists use non-traditional media.
Geometry, Visual Arts

Hand on canvas

Collection: Visual Arts Resources
Fasten your smock, get out your art supplies, and prepare to get your hands dirty. Examine the physics behind Alexander Calder’s mobiles, the symbolism in the botany rendered in renaissance paintings, and the careful patience used in weaving a wampum belt in this exploration of a wide range of arts.
Cartoons, Comics, & Animation, Visual Arts

Red Poppy

Collection: Asia
Fish painting, lion dances, larger-than-life calligraphy and a tornado of fire... experience the vibrant diversity of the arts across Asia.
Asia, China, India, Japan, Dance, Folklore, Music, Theater, Visual Arts, World Cultures

Chinese lion dancer

Collection: China
An army of buried warriors, lion dances, dancing shadows and a tornado of fire... experience the vibrant diversity of the arts across China
Asia, China, Dance, Music, Visual Arts, World Cultures

People Observing Van Gogh Painting

Article: A Parents’ Field Guide to Museums
Ideas for making the most of a visit to an art museum
Visual Arts

Ghost Figure

Article: Keeping Up With the Addamses
Halloween decorating secrets from theater designers
Family, Science Fiction & Fantasy, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 5-8 Visual Arts Standard 4
Understanding the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 5-8 Visual Arts Standard 5
Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 5-8 Visual Arts Standard 6
Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 5-8 Visual Arts Standard 1
Understanding and applying media, techniques, and processes
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 5-8 Visual Arts Standard 2
Using knowledge of structures and functions
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 5-8 Visual Arts Standard 3
Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 4
Understanding the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 5
Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 6
Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 1
Understanding and applying media, techniques, and processes
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 2
Using knowledge of structures and functions
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade 9-12 Visual Arts Standard 3
Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade K-4 Visual Arts Standard 4
Understanding the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade K-4 Visual Arts Standard 5
Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade K-4 Visual Arts Standard 6
Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade K-4 Visual Arts Standard 1
Understanding and applying media, techniques, and processes
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade K-4 Visual Arts Standard 2
Using knowledge of structures and functions
Education, Visual Arts

Content & Achievement Standard: Grade K-4 Visual Arts Standard 3
Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas
Education, Visual Arts

Art Critique

Tipsheet: Art Critiques Made Easy
One-word answers and grunts don't count as student critiques of art. How to foster interesting and authentic discussion in the classroom
Education, Young Artists, Visual Arts, Art Venues

Mother and girl art class

Tipsheet: Going Public
Here are the best and safest ways to share your student's work with the world!
Education, Young Artists, Visual Arts, Poetry, Playwrights & Plays, Literature

Student Critique

Tipsheet: Thinking Outside the Test
Introduction to performance assessment, which provides educators with "real-world" arts assessment strategies
Education, Young Artists, Visual Arts, Dance, Musical Instruments, Poetry

The Solar System

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Planets in Balance
Students explore the solar system through experimentation of mobile design in the style of Alexander Calder
Space, Science, Visual Arts

Still-Life with Bouquet of Flowers and Plums by Rachel Ruysch

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Medieval and Renaissance Art: Botanical Symbolism
For the medieval and the renaissance artists, flowers were part of a rich visual symbolism
Europe, Visual Arts, Nature, Plants

Mural

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Decades Mural Project
Students will learn how to use primary sources, and work in groups to create murals about the events and trends of a decade of the twentieth century
History, Visual Arts, Young Artists, Fashion

photo gallery

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Analyzing Photographs: From Theory to Practice
Throughout this lesson, students will examine works of art and learn tools to analyze and discuss photography
Visual Arts

Wagon and mules

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Capturing History
Through teacher-guided discussions and hands-on activities, students will understand the political and economic reasons for the African-American migration to Northern cities between the World Wars.
History, Visual Arts, America

Art Gallery

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Art Show with the Masters
Research information on artists' lives and works and prepare works of art based on their understanding of the artists, their time and place in history, and their works.
History, Visual Arts

Sand Mandala

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Mandalas, Polygons, and Symmetry
Students will explore the mathematics behind mandalas, including but not limited to shapes and symmetry
Geometry, Math, Visual Arts

Portrait of American artist Andy Warhol

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Making the Ordinary Pop
Pop art examines the distinction between "high art" and popular culture, and questions the role of the artist
Popular Culture, Visual Arts

Joseph Cornell Box

Grades 6-8 Lesson: Identity Boxes
Artists Lucas Samaras and Joseph Cornell both explored the idea of personal identity through their art. Both created small "portrait" boxes that reveal as well as conceal identity
Visual Arts

Second Bank of the United States, Philadelphia.

Grades 6-8 Lesson: From Greece to Main Street
Students will learn defining elements of classical Greek architecture by comparing the Lincoln Memorial with the Parthenon in Athens, Greece
Architecture, Greece, Visual Arts

Pool in pleasure park, Manzanar Relocation Center, Calif.

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Photography and the National Park Service
Examine the ways in which art has the power to influence policy, learning that photography has had a social impact with other historical events and movements
Visual Arts, Nature, History

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Rhythm and Art: Elements of Art
Learn about the three elements of art (line, shape, and color) through a study of Torres-García's symbolism, Picasso's emotional use of color and Abstract Expressionism
Visual Arts, Innovators & Pioneers, History

Gesture Drawings

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Rhythm and Art: Gesture Drawing
In this lesson, students will explore connections between music and visual art
Music, Visual Arts

pottery

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Exploring Pottery Techniques
This lesson introduces students to the age-old techniques used in constructing and decorating a burnished coil pot
Visual Arts, Physical Activity

Ciphers and Constellations in Love with a Woman

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Escape from Reality: Miró and Surrealism
This lesson will introduce the history and concepts of the Surrealist movement
History, Visual Arts

Cruising Dragons

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Science Meets Artistry: the Work of Cai Guo-Qiang
Studying the work of artist Cai Guo-Qiang, students will understand the technological, logistical, and artistic factors for performance-oriented works
Science, Visual Arts

Salvador Dali

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Dalí & Desnos
In this lesson, students will enhance their creative writing skills and develop their individual writing voices through surrealist techniques
History, Visual Arts

The Great Wave off Kanagawa

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Japanese Woodblock Prints
This lesson explores the history and evolution of the Japanese woodblock print
Visual Arts, World Cultures, Japan

Landscape

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Landscape Painting
Using James Palmersheim's Silver Creek's November II as a starting point, students will create their own landscape paintings
Visual Arts, Young Artists

Snowy London

Grades 9-12 Lesson: Setting the Story
Students examine setting as a significant element of fiction. They learn devices for creating a realistic setting, and use the methods in works of their own
Literature, Theater, Visual Arts

Lewis and Clark Compass.

Grade 5 Lesson: Lewis And Clark Prized Possessions
In this lesson, students explore Native American crafts and design and create their own wampum belts
America, Geography, Native America, Visual Arts

trees

Grade 5 Lesson: Trees in Nature and Art
Students will explore the use of trees in the arts (as paintings and poetry), understand basic science involved in forestry, and integrate tree arts and science in a final project.
Plants, Nature, Visual Arts, Poetry, Science

Sculpture

Grade 5 Lesson: Alexander Calder: Master of Balance
Viewing mobiles created by sculptor Alexander Calder, students learn about the function and form of levers. They build mobiles, experiment with balancing levers, and equilibrium
Visual Arts, Science, Innovators & Pioneers

Still Life in Winter

Grade 5 Lesson: An American Scene Painter
Students learn about American artist Charles Burchfield. Students capture information and sketches in a journal, then use these ideas to create an original watercolor
America, Nature, Visual Arts, Animals, Plants

Political Cartoon

Grade 5 Lesson: Political Cartoons as Part of the Election Process
Students will organize the information they researched on the U.S. presidential election process and constitutional rights.
Presidents, America, Visual Arts, History, Cartoons, Comics, & Animation

Fish Painting

Grade 5 Lesson: Gyotaku Japanese Fish Printing
By acquiring knowledge of historical and cultural qualities unique to this particular art form, students can gain an understanding of how Gyotaku reflects a part of Japanese history
Animals, Asia, Visual Arts, Japan

Grades K-2 Lesson: Creating AB Patterns
Patterns exists both in the natural and manmade world. It is an element in art, as well as math and science.
Geometry, Math, Music, Visual Arts, Nature

adjectiveMonster

Grades K-2 Lesson: Adjective Monster
Use the visual art and language arts to creatively tell stories of monstrous proportions
Visual Arts, Literature, Language, Folklore, Science Fiction & Fantasy

paint

Grades K-2 Lesson: Let's Talk About Painting
This lesson introduces young students to the elements of the arts, and teaches them to use appropriate vocabulary when discussing paintings
Education, Young Artists, Visual Arts

Weaving Rug

Grades K-2 Lesson: Navajo Weaving
Through guided reading of Ten Little Rabbits and hands-on activities students will explore aspects of Native American cultures and Navajo weavings
Native America, Visual Arts, World Cultures, Folklore, America

Greek masks

Grades K-2 Lesson: Masks and Aesop's Fables
This multi-media visual and language arts lesson offers intellectual, creative, and interpretive opportunities through use of books, music and the internet
Animals, Greece, Literature, Nature, World Cultures, Visual Arts, Folklore

Dorothy and the Lion

Grades K-2 Lesson: Map it Out
Explore how illustrations contribute to the telling of a story using character maps
Literature, Visual Arts, Folklore, Cartoons, Comics, & Animation, Language

Sunflowers

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Sunflowers
Students grow both sunflowers and their knowledge of science and art. After exploring the work of Van Gogh and other artists, students create their own artwork
Nature, Plants, Visual Arts

The Starry Night

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Who Has Seen the Wind?
In this lesson students are introduced to and encouraged to explore characteristics of the wind through poetry and van Gogh’s paintings
Nature, Visual Arts, Science, Physical Activity

Comic Strip

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Creating Comic Strips
In this lesson, each student creates an original comic strip to convey a mathematical concept and explores comics as a form of communication
Literature, Popular Culture, Visual Arts, Cartoons, Comics, & Animation, Math

Designer at desk.

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Visual Arts Careers
Expose students to three careers in the visual arts. Students will move through three different "art stations", where they can explore Fashion Design, Architecture, and Graphic Design
Jobs in the Arts, Visual Arts, Architecture, Fashion

Chinese calligraphy

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Chinese Calligraphy
Students will experience the art and culture of Chinese calligraphy and Chinese ink painting through watercolor painting and Chinese instrumental music.
Asia, Language, Visual Arts, World Cultures, China

Native American Weaving

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Life of a Navajo Weaver
Students experiment with interpretative dance as they recreate the weaving process to Native American music
History, Native America, World Cultures, Visual Arts

Storyteller Figure by Michelle Paisano, Laguna Pueblo

Grades 3-4 Lesson: A Listening Doll
Create a listening doll in the tradition of the Native American storyteller dolls
Native America, Visual Arts, World Cultures

Harriet Tubman

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Harriet Tubman: An Informative and Impressionistic Look
Examine the life of Harriet Tubman through a comparison of informative resources and impressionistic art
America, History, Folklore, Visual Arts

Levi Coffin's home in Fountain City, Indiana, formerly Newport. Known as Grand Central Station of the Underground Railroad.

Grades 3-4 Lesson: Harriet Tubman: Illustrating History
Using collage, students create a scene from the life of Harriet Tubman
America, Folklore, History, Visual Arts

Wakamaru

Video: Japanese Robots!
At the forefront of hyperculture, Japan's robots are at once amazing works of art and fantastic feats of engineering. Japan has been at the vanguard of global robot development and technology since the 1970s and continues to invent new ways these machines can aid, entertain, and inspire mankind.
Asia, Visual Arts, Popular Culture, Japan, Innovators & Pioneers, Inventions, Science, Puppets

Kawashima

Video: Shigeo Kawashima: Wa
The Japanese have a long and deep relationship with bamboo, and their culture has produced the most beautiful art in this medium. Shigeo Kawashima's sculptures take bamboo as an artistic medium to a new level. His work WA ("Ring") was commissioned for the festival and constructed on site.
Asia, Nature, Visual Arts, Japan, World Cultures

Tadao Ando

Video: Tadao Ando: Four Cubes to Contemplate Our Environment
The world-renowned architect Tadao Ando presents this world-premiere glass installation, which explores sustainability and the environment. It was constructed on-site specifically for the Kennedy Center Festival of Japan in 2008.
Asia, Nature, Science, Visual Arts, Architecture, Japan

Shin Tanaka

Video: Shin Tanaka: Paper Toys
Shin Tanaka is a Japanese artist, graffiti writer, paper toy creator, designer who has worked with some of the biggest names in street fashion and designer toys.
Asia, Visual Arts, Japan, Popular Culture

Mayawa Denke

Video: Maywa Denki
Founded in 1993 by two brothers, Maywa Denki is a performance art troupe with a unique style. Each piece of their work is called a "product" and a live performance or exhibition is held as a "product demonstration." Although they're known and appreciated as artists, their promotion strategies are full of variety - besides exhibitions and live stage performances, they produce music, videos, writing, toys, stationery, and electronic devices.
Asia, Visual Arts, Inventions, Japan, Popular Culture, Science

Koji

Video: Koji Kakinuma: Trancework
Calligraphy artist Koji Kakinuma presents one of his trademark innovations, Trancework, in which he paints countless repetitions of a simple, powerful phrase, producing a giant calligraphic work.
Asia, Visual Arts, World Cultures, Japan, Innovators & Pioneers, Popular Culture

Koji

Video: Koji Kakinuma: Otsukimi
JAPAN! culture + hyperculture was marked by a festive Otsukimi (Japanese moon-viewing) evening featuring a special Millennium Stage performance of Trancework and Eternal Now by shodo performing artist Koji Kakinuma, accompanied by the taiko group AUN.
Asia, Visual Arts, World Cultures, Japan, Innovators & Pioneers, Popular Culture, Music

Terra Cotta Warriors

Video: Terra Cotta Warriors
The Terra Cotta Warriors are a collection of 8,000 statues that were buried over 2,000 years ago in the tomb of China's first emperor Qin Shi Huang. Three of the statues - two soldiers and a horse - were sent to the Kennedy Center for display during the Festival of China
Asia, China, Folklore, Visual Arts, World Cultures

Dan-One

Video: Dan-One: Alphabetical Engineer
Graffiti artist Danny ‘Dan-One’ Polonco, a self-described “Alphabetical Engineer,” talks about graffiti art form as a means for self-expression.
Hip-Hop, Popular Culture, Visual Arts

Matt Alt

Video Series: Matt Alt: Jumbo Machinders
Matt Alt walks you through his extensive collection and explains the art and history of Japanese jumbo machinder toys.
Japan, Popular Culture, Visual Arts, Science Fiction & Fantasy, Television, Puppets

Tornado, by Cai Guo-Qiang

Video Series: Tornado, by Cai Guo-Qiang
This excerpt from Cai's Tornado: Explosion Project for the Kennedy Center includes both the dancing boats and the tornado itself
China, Science, Visual Arts, Asia, Backstage, Innovators & Pioneers

Toyota Partner Robot

Video Series: Japan: Arts & Culture
This is your passport to the arts and culture of Japan as experienced through the Kennedy Center's Japan! culture + hyperculture festival (February 2008). This series will help you learn about some of the major art forms in Japan—art, theater, dance, music, manga, anime, robots, and visual art installations.
Architecture, Asia, Music, Visual Arts, World Cultures, Japan, Inventions, Innovators & Pioneers, Science

Shadow Puppets

Flash Interactive: Playing with Shadows: An Introduction to Shadow Puppets
Learn about the ancient art of Shadow Puppetry and find out how to create your own shadow plays!
China, Folklore, Animals, Jobs in the Arts, Puppets, Theater, Visual Arts, World Cultures

iPass

Flash Interactive: IPASS: Japan! Culture + Hyperculture
This interactive features a comprehensive study of the arts and culture of Japan, ranging from ancient to modern times. It includes an investigation of Japanese art, theater, dance, music, manga, anime, robots, and installations.
Japan, Asia, Music, Popular Culture, Visual Arts, World Cultures

Fireworks

Flash Interactive: Fireworks: Art of the Explosion
The Art of the Explosion follows artist Cai Guo-Qiang and pyrotechnician Phil Grucci through the preparation for the performance art piece “Tornado: Explosion Project for the Kennedy Center.”
Asia, China, Visual Arts, Jobs in the Arts

Sculpture by Richard Serra

Interactive: Sculpture With Richard Serra
Richard Serra's most recognizable works are monumental steel sculptures. Learn more in this microsite tour.
Visual Arts, Jobs in the Arts, Geometry, Science

Casals at the White House

Audio Series: Art in Camelot: The Arts in the Kennedy Years
Through his words and examples, President Kennedy raised awareness of the importance of the arts in America
Presidents, Music, Military, History, Architecture, America, Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Sky Sights
Look closely at the sky. Do you see any clouds that look like objects? Ask a friend if they see what you see.
Science, Visual Arts, Nature

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Picture Perfect
Make a sentence using pictures instead of words. Show it to your friends or family. Can they tell what the sentence is based on your drawings?
Visual Arts, Language, Literature

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: YouToon
Draw a cartoon version of yourself. What are you doing in the cartoon? Add a voice or thought bubble. Share it with a friend of family member. Can they tell it’s you?
Visual Arts, Cartoons, Comics, & Animation

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Twinkle Time
Look closely at the night sky. Find stars that outline shapes of objects. Ask a friend they see what you see.
Science, Space, Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Upsy Daisy
Draw a picture upside down. When you’re done, flip it over. Does it make any sense?
Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: The Shape of Things
In your classroom, count how many squares you see. Look up. Look down. They’re everywhere.
Geometry, Math, Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Money Matters
Design your own dollar bill. What color or colors is it? What do you put on the front side? On the back side?
Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Color Check
Count all the different colors you see in your cafeteria. How many shades of blue can you find? Red? Green? Yellow? What color do you see the most?
Visual Arts, Architecture, Math

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Color Check
Count all the different colors you see on your way to school. How many shades of blue can you find? Red? Green? Yellow? What color do you see the most?
Visual Arts, Math

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Book Nook
What’s your favorite book? Draw a new cover for it. How does it compare to the original cover?
Literature, Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Magic Musings
You’re a wizard. What’s your favorite spell? How does it go? Draw a picture of yourself in your wizard’s outfit.
Science Fiction & Fantasy, Visual Arts, Theater

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Foot Art
Trace the outline of your foot on a piece of paper. Remove foot. Now what can you do with the shape that’s left? Use the outline to draw something entirely new!
Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Foot Fun
Stick a crayon between your toes and draw a picture of a fruit or vegetable. Can a friend guess what it is?
Visual Arts, Plants, Nature

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Hand Art
Trace the outline of your hand on a piece of paper. Remove hand. Now what can you do with the shape that’s left? Use the outline to draw something entirely new!
Visual Arts

arts challenge

Everyday Arts Challenge: Heavy Hand
Draw a picture of a ballerina without picking your pen or pencil off the paper. Is it easy or hard to do? What else can you draw like this?
Visual Arts, Ballet

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Michelangelo
"A beautiful thing never gives so much pain as does failing to hear and see it."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Michelangelo
"Genius is eternal patience."
Europe, Visual Arts, Education

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Michelangelo
"A great sculpture can roll down a hill without breaking."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Joan Miro
"I try to apply colors like words that shape poems, like notes that shape music."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Claude Monet
"My garden is my most beautiful masterpiece."
Europe, Visual Arts, Nature, Plants

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Henri Matisse
"Impressionism is the newspaper of the soul."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Rene-Francois-Ghislain Magritte
"Art evokes the mystery without which the world would not exist."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Henri Matisse
"The portrait is one of the most curious art forms. It demands special qualities in the artist, almost total kinship with the model."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Henri Matisse
"Creativity takes courage."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Henri Matisse
"All my efforts go into creating an art that can be understood by everyone."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Georgia O'Keeffe
"To create one's own world in any of the arts takes courage."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Claes Oldenburg
"Art is a technique of communication. The image is the most complete technique of all communication."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Robert Motherwell
"In the brush doing what it's doing, it will stumble on what one couldn't do by oneself."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Henry S. Moore
"To be an artist is to believe in life."
Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Robert Motherwell
"Art is much less important than life, but what a poor life without it."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Louise Nevelson
"Art is everywhere, except it has to pass through a creative mind."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Edvard Munch
"I don't believe in an art that is not born out of man's need to open his heart."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Robert Hughes
"The camera, if it’s lucky, may tell a different truth to drawing - but not a truer one."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Frida Kahlo
"I never paint dreams or nightmares. I paint my own reality."
Latin America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Winslow Homer
"Talent! What they call talent is nothing but the capacity for doing continuous work in the right way."
America, Visual Arts, Nature

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Hans Hofmann
"A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops."
Europe, Education, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Edward Hopper
"If I could say it in words there would be no reason to paint."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Edward Hopper
"Great art is the outward expression of an inner life in the artist."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Paul Klee
"Art does not reproduce the visible; rather, it makes visible."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Jacob Lawrence
"When the subject is strong, simplicity is the only way to treat it."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Roy Lichtenstein
"Color is crucial in painting, but it is very hard to talk about."
America, Popular Culture, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Roy Lichtenstein
"Art doesn't transform. It just plain forms."
America, Popular Culture, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Vasily Kandinsky
"There is no must in art because art is free."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Paul Klee
"Life is a great big canvas, and you should throw all the paint on it you can."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Martin Kippinberger
"Entertainment and art are not isolated. Entertainment is in art like color in pictures."
Europe, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"Painting is just another way of keeping a diary."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Anne Tucker
"All art requires courage."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Simonides
"Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks."
Greece, Poetry, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Frank Lloyd Wright
"Simplicity and repose are the qualities that measure the true value of any work of art."
America, Architecture, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Frank Lloyd Wright
"You can't make an architect. But you can open the doors and windows toward the light as you see it."
America, Architecture, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Andy Warhol
"My instinct about painting says, 'if you don't think about it, it's right.'"
America, Controversial, Innovators & Pioneers, Popular Culture, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: James McNeill Whistler
"An artist is not paid for his labor but for his vision."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Jackson Pollock
"It’s all a big game of construction, some with a brush, some with a shovel, some choose a pen."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Jackson Pollock
"The painting has a life of its own."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Rembrandt
"Practice what you know, and it will help to make clear what now you do not know."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Robert Rauschenberg
"The artist's job is to be a witness to his time in history."
America, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"Why do you try to understand art? Do you try to understand the song of a bird?"
Europe, Visual Arts, Nature

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"Every act of creation is first of all an act of destruction."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"Every child is an artist. The problem is how to remain an artist once he grows up."
Europe, Visual Arts, Young Artists

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"Inspiration exists, but it has to find you working."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"Nature does many things the way I do, but she hides them!"
Europe, Visual Arts, Nature

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Pablo Picasso
"For a long time I limited myself to one color... as a form of discipline."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: James Rosenquist
"I was probably born with the ability to draw, but that does not make you an artist."
America, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Joshua Reynolds
"A room hung with pictures is a room hung with thoughts."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: John Ruskin
"When love and skill work together, expect a masterpiece."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Hans Hofmann
"A work of art is a world in itself, reflecting senses and emotions of the artist’s world."
Europe, Education, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Constantin Brancusi
"Architecture is inhabited sculpture."
Visual Arts, Architecture, Europe

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Paul Cézanne
"Don’t be an art critic, but paint, there lies salvation."
Visual Arts, Controversial

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Paul Cézanne
"Painting from nature is not copying the object; it is realizing one's sensations."
Nature, Visual Arts, Europe

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Arts Quotes: Jean Arp
"Art is a fruit that grows in man, like a fruit on a plant, or a child in its mother’s womb."
Visual Arts, Europe

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Arts Quotes: Scott Adams
"Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep."
Visual Arts, Cartoons, Comics, & Animation

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Roy Adzak
"Good art is not what it looks like, but what it does to us."
Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Anonymous
"Art is the imagination expressed through the senses."
Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Vincent Van Gogh
"Color in a picture is like enthusiasm in life."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Vincent Van Gogh
"The only time I feel alive is when I’m painting."
Europe, Visual Arts

arts quote

Arts Quotes: Andy Goldsworthy
"The essence of drawing is the line exploring space."
Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Paul Gardner
"A painting is never finished - it simply stops in interesting places."
Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Paul Gauguin
"Art is either plagiarism or revolution."
Europe, Visual Arts, Controversial

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Arts Quotes: Paul Gauguin
"The flat sound of my wooden clogs on the cobblestones, deep, hollow and powerful, is the note I seek in my painting."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Paul Gauguin
"I shut my eyes in order to see."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Hans Hofmann
"The whole world, as we experience it visually, comes to us through the mystic realm of color."
Europe, Education, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: David Hockney
"Style is something you can use, and you can be like a magpie, just taking what you want."
Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Leonardo Da Vinci
"The color of the object illuminated partakes of the color of that which illuminates it. "
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Jacques-Louis David
"To give body and perfect form to your thought, this alone is what it is to be an artist."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Salvador Dali
"Drawing is the honesty of the art. There is no possibility of cheating. It is either good or bad."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Edgar Degas
"Only when he no longer knows what he is doing does the painter do good things."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Edgar Degas
"Art is not what you see, but what you make others see."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Salvador Dali
"You have to systematically create confusion, it sets creativity free."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Salvador Dali
"When I paint, the sea roars. The others splash about in the bath."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Salvador Dali
"People love mystery, and that is why they love my paintings."
Europe, Visual Arts

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Arts Quotes: Salvador Dali
"Those who do not want to imitate anything, produce nothing."
Europe, Visual Arts

The Guggenheim

Arts Days: October 21, 1959: The Wright Man for the Job
When Solomon Guggenheim’s personal advisor approached architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design a building to house Guggenheim’s art collection, he told Wright, “I need a fighter, a lover of space, an originator, a tester, and a wise man.” Wright was indeed the right man. It took 16 years to complete, but the result is one of New York’s signature buildings, an edifice as iconoclastic as the art it contains.

Wright rejected buildings’ traditional cubical shape; instead, he chose to mimic smooth, round forms of nature. The interior is no less revolutionary. Visitors ride elevators to the top floor, and from there descend a sloping ramp that lets viewers experience the artwork as one continuous series.
Architecture, Visual Arts, Innovators & Pioneers, Art Venues

Painting by Johannes Vermeer

Arts Days: October 31, 1632: Johannes Vermeer
Thank goodness for recordkeeping. Much of what we know of the Dutch master Johannes Vermeer stems from official documents used to note births, deaths, marriages, and other life milestones. Artistically speaking, however, we learn much about the times in which Vermeer lived by examining his paintings.

Renowned for interior scenes of 17th century life in Holland, Vermeer’s principal subjects were usually women engaged in ordinary activities like pouring milk, reading a letter, or sewing. Captured through soft light, generally provided by an open, left window, Vermeer’s hallmarks were simple forms, muted colors, and restrained brushwork. Vermeer’s work is viewed today as one of the high points of the Golden Age of Dutch Painting.
Europe, Visual Arts

Lichtenstein Exhibit

Arts Days: October 27, 1923: Pop Goes the Easel
Roy Lichtenstein challenged many conventions about what constituted art. As a pop artist painting, stenciling, and drawing images inspired by advertisements and comics, then reproducing them closely but not exactly, he found worldwide fame as well as notoriety. Some critics claimed he was merely copying the work of others.

But Lichtenstein believed that his intent—to comment on how the mass media treated the same subjects he painted—separated him from the artists who created the original images. Lichtenstein was among those who experimented with Ben-Day, a printing process that combines two or more different small, colored dots to create a third color.
Cartoons, Comics, & Animation, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts, America

peanuts comic

Arts Days: October 02, 1950: Nuts About Peanuts
Charles M. Schultz was the first cartoonist to use his pen to delve into the insecurities and uncertainties of modern life.

Schultz’s questioning of the human condition might not have been so welcome had he not filtered it through his young illustrated characters, who deeply resonated with readers: Charlie Brown, the “every-man” figure, the hapless hero, determined not to give up; Snoopy, the adorable dog-dreamer, who sees things the way they should be, not as they are; plus pals Linus and Schroeder, sister Sally, and, of course, Lucy, the domineering realist, always quick to put Charlie Brown in his place.

“Peanuts” was an enormous success and remains a favorite today; its offshoots include multiple iconic television specials, plays, and ice shows.
Cartoons, Comics, & Animation, America, Visual Arts, Popular Culture

Crayola Crayons

Arts Days: September 30, 1902: Color My World
Edwin Binney and C. Harold Smith were a couple of enterprising cousins who took over Binney’s dad’s company, Peekskill Chemical Works, back in 1885. While Peekskill initially made charcoal and other products, the cousins expanded the product line to include black crayons at first, and eventually a whole rainbow’s worth.

Introduced in 1903, the first box of crayons cost a nickel and included red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, brown, and of course, black. It was Binney’s wife who coined the name: “craie” the French word for stick of color, plus “ola,” from oleaginous, a term describing the consistency of the petroleum used in the crayons. Today, the company once known as Binney & Smith is officially Crayola, LLC.
Inventions, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts, Popular Culture

Cave Painting of a Horse

Arts Days: September 12, 1940: The Writing on the Wall
Estimated to be about 16,000 years old, the paintings in a network of caves found by four teenage boys are rare examples of art from the Upper Paleolithic era. Here in a region called Lascaux, hundreds of painted animals are visible on the caves’ walls, ranging from bison to stags to horses.

There are also geometric figures and patterns of dots that some say correlate with constellations. Some of the paintings show a sophisticated grasp of concepts like perspective and depth, too. Art historians say that the paintings indicate some of our oldest ancestors’ ability to express themselves in art.
Folklore, Geography, History, Europe, Visual Arts, World Cultures

A model wearing a mink trimmed peignoir designed by Elsa Schiaparelli.

Arts Days: September 10, 1890: Shocking Fashionista
Elsa Schiaparelli designed the kind of couture clothes you see on the pages of Vogue and on the backs of celebrities. Known for her sometimes startling, often witty designs, including a shoe-shaped hat, she also created garments that responded to news events. For example, after France declared war on Germany in 1939, she debuted taffeta skirts printed with a camouflage look.

Schiaparelli was the first designer to use shoulder pads and to prominently feature hot pink, a color she called “shocking pink.” Collaborating with important artists of the day, such as Salvador Dali, she created a fancy evening gown decorated with Dali’s drawing of an enormous red lobster. This renegade clothier helped elevate fashion to high art.
Innovators & Pioneers, Fashion, Controversial, Visual Arts

Daguerrotype

Arts Days: August 19, 1839: The 19th Century Polaroid
In the early 19th century, Louis-Jacques Daguerre partnered with Joseph Nicéphore Niépce to take the photographic method to the next level. After Niépce died, Daguerre developed a means of printing an image on a mirror-like surface using an improbable list of ingredients: salt water, mercury, iodine, and more. The resulting image produced on the daguerreotype was reversed, as though seen in a mirror.

Because of the way the process worked, people sitting to have their faces captured on daguerreotype had to sit absolutely still. And the image also had to be stored in an airtight box to protect it—oxygen or fingerprints would ruin the daguerreotype. Still, this method of making early photos caught on around the world, until the less complex tintype process succeeded it.
Visual Arts, Inventions, Innovators & Pioneers

Andy Warhol

Arts Days: August 06, 1928: Prince of Pop Art
Whether silkscreening, painting, filming, or photographing his subjects, artist Andy Warhol looked at them with a brand-new eye. Though he began his career designing ads and record covers, it’s as a fine artist that his creativity took flight.

Warhol used images of familiar objects—from Campbell’s Soup cans to Brillo dishwashing sponges—to find the artistic qualities in mundane objects and to redefine what constituted art. His work supports “pop art”—a 20th century art movement in which popular culture’s logos, products, and images are used together or separately—and, its creators say, is elevated to something on par with more traditional art.

At the end of the day, Warhol created uniquely American art that commented on our obsession with celebrities and consumerism.
America, Popular Culture, Visual Arts

Harmony in Red (La chambre rouge; La Desserte - Harmonie rouge), 1908-1909

Arts Days: December 31, 1869: Master of Color
The great French artist Henri Matisse moved fluidly through five decades of art, exploring several different media along the way, from sketching to a form of collage known as “cut outs.” He was one of the key members of the Fauve movement, whose adherents used unusually bold color combinations to create stylized paintings that pushed back against realism.

Yet later in his career, Matisse hewed more toward traditional types of painting, even as his use of color continued to electrify viewers. In his seventies, he also leapt wholeheartedly into collage, using scissors to cut shapes from paper when holding a brush became too difficult for him. Perhaps the greatest French artist of the 20th century, Henri Matisse made art until the very end.
Visual Arts, Europe

Wax Figures by Marie Tussaud

Arts Days: December 01, 1761: Waxy Lady
Anna Maria Grosholtz—better known as Madame Tussaud—was taught to make life size wax figures by the doctor for whom her mom worked. While the art of creating often eerily lifelike wax versions of people had been around since the Middle Ages, it was Tussaud and her traveling show of wax figures that made viewing such figures a form of “edutainment”—partly a way to learn about famous people of the past and present, partly just plain fun.

While Madame Tussauds’ London museum kicked off the phenomenon—today everybody from Benjamin Franklin to Jennifer Lopez to President Obama is on view at outposts in Shanghai, New York, Amsterdam, and its newest addition, Washington, D.C.
Popular Culture, Visual Arts, Europe

Haystacks Summer Evening

Arts Days: November 14, 1840: A Light Impression
Many artists wear the Impressionist label today, but it was a painting by Claude Monet that gave this art movement its name. That moment happened when an art critic looked at Monet’s Impression, Sunrise and called it “impressionist.” Ironically, while the critic meant his remark as dismissive of Monet’s style, the term became associated with a much-loved and respected school of century art.

Many works by Monet are characterized by the hallmarks of Impressionism: soft and changeable light effects, visible brushstrokes that reveal the artist’s emotions and personality, and the use of everyday things and people as subjects—from haystacks to playful children. Monet loved the natural world, and simple things such as flowers, the river Seine, and his personal garden in Giverny, France, inspired him.
Innovators & Pioneers, Europe, Nature, Visual Arts

Georgia O'Keefe

Arts Days: November 15, 1887: Portrait of an Artist
Simple, intimate, precise: These are just some of the words that characterize the painting style of Georgia O’Keeffe, who was inspired to paint flowers, deserts, bones, and other objects according to this aesthetic. She painted in New York City and New York’s Adirondack Mountains, and in the Southwest, near her longtime home in New Mexico.

O’Keeffe sometimes painted in a very abstract way; other times, in a literal fashion. She could render a skyscraper in blocks of color or paint a flower in rich, lush detail. O’Keeffe is considered to have been one of the key artists—male or female—whose work inspired and impressed European art and artists. And as a woman working in a field then dominated by men, makes her influence even more impressive.
Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts, America

The Dance Class painting by Edgar Degas

Arts Days: July 19, 1834: Dancing with Degas
Edgar Degas, one of the most productive 19th century artists and a master at charcoal, oil paint, and pastels, is considered one of the fathers of the Impressionist movement. Thing is, Degas himself disliked this term, preferring to call himself a realist when it came to the subjects he chose and the art he made.

He is best known for his paintings and sculptures of ballerinas, such as The Dance Class. Degas gave us glimpses of dancers waiting in the wings for their cues to go on stage, as well as audiences studying their moves. Mostly, he took his subjects from everyday life, catching a passing moment of motion and emotion.
Europe, Visual Arts

Rembrandt

Arts Days: July 15, 1606: Dutch Master
Dutch painter Rembrandt Van Rijn created beautiful paintings, including many naturalistic self-portraits. Even during his twenties, Rembrandt’s skills as a portrait painter were in great demand for his delicate attention to light and shadows, which he used to shape his subjects’ features.

He gained attention for works like the slightly gruesome The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp, in which a doctor uses a corpse to show his students how human arm muscles work. Rembrandt sought to paint the most realistic-looking people and places he possibly could, whether they were richly hued paintings of everyday life in Holland or intricate etches of Biblical images.
Europe, Visual Arts

Vincent Van Gogh

Arts Days: March 30, 1853: A Stroke of Genius
The work of Dutch painter Vincent Van Gogh is almost instantly recognizable with those big swirly brush strokes and short choppy ones, day-to-day subjects like haystacks and sunsets, and something harder to put your finger on: a pulsating kind of energy that almost makes the objects and figures seem to vibrate.

Van Gogh’s kinetic, passionate art was driven, sadly, by a lifetime of misfortune. He struggled with poverty, health problems, and depression; in fact, he’s well known for cutting off a piece of his own ear and giving it to a woman he knew, wrapped in newspaper.

One of the few constants in his life was his brother Theo, who helped him manage what money he did earn for his work and tried to support him emotionally as well. In works like Sunflowers and Starry Night, the creativity of the troubled genius Van Gogh touches us even today.
Europe, Visual Arts

The Sistene Chapel

Arts Days: March 06, 1475: Master of Arts
Nothing but making art was important to Michelangelo Buonarroti. As a young apprentice or someone who learns a skill from an expert, Michelangelo found his calling. He chose to study the art of the old masters and learn the technique of painting frescoes, or painting on wet plaster.

When the powerful Medici family of Florence heard the stories about this young genius, Lorenzo de’Medici supported the artist and his work. In the period we now call the Italian Renaissance, (15th–16th centuries), Michelangelo created many of the world’s greatest art masterpieces: sculptures including David and The Pietà, the architectural designs of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, and perhaps his most cherished achievement, the paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

This pictorial story about the creation of man is comprised of nine paintings and took Michelangelo three years to paint. It is believed to be the greatest work of art ever created by a single person.
Europe, Visual Arts

First photo taken with a camera

Arts Days: March 07, 1765: The Father of Fotos
Considering the impact that cameras and photography have had on the world, it’s a shame Joseph Nicéphore Niépce is not better known to us all. He’s considered one of the inventors of photography, and is said to have snapped the world’s very first photos, including one where a man is leading a horse.

Along the way, he dabbled with various chemicals, like silver chloride, which makes an image visible after it is exposed to light, and the process he invented called heliography. Around 1829, Niépce partnered with Louis Daguerre to try to achieve an improved photographic method; the men worked on the problem together until Niépce died in 1833.

When Daguerre went on to create the Daguerrotype—a kind of photograph printed on a mirror-like surface—the French government bought the rights to it, awarding money to both Daguerre and to the estate of Niépce, in recognition of the late inventor’s work.
Europe, Innovators & Pioneers, Inventions, Visual Arts

Polaroid

Arts Days: February 21, 1947: Say “Cheese!”
Even in the age of the digital camera, there’s still something really cool about shooting a picture with a Polaroid camera and having that snapshot pop into your hand and develop right before your eyes.

But before he invented that instant camera, American inventor Edwin Land worked on polarizing filters for sunglasses, special goggles for troops in combat during World War II, and other products for the company he founded in 1937 called the Polaroid Corporation. After Land showed his instant camera for the first time, his company got busy selling them to department stores. The cameras proved so easy and fun to use—and so affordable—the stores could not keep them from flying off the shelves.
Inventions, Popular Culture, Visual Arts

Louis Comfort Tiffany

Arts Days: February 18, 1848: A Glass Act
Glass is all around us, in everyday common objects like windows, picture frames, and windshields. But Louis Comfort Tiffany saw glass as an artistic medium like no other, with the potential for showcasing deep colors that would be made even more dazzling when the sun shone through the panes.

In his work alone or with his colleagues, Tiffany explored the effects of opalescent glass, which included different hues of the same color, as well as textured glass—glass with ripples, bumps, or other “imperfections” that Tiffany believed to be actual enhancements. He also placed layers of glass atop one another for a richer tone. Using these methods, he created lamps, jewelry, vases, and bowls as well as glass windows.
Visual Arts, Fashion, Innovators & Pioneers

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Arts Days: February 25, 1841: A Lasting Impression
Renoir was an artist fascinated by light: how the sun looked shining on water, how a candle’s flickering changed the expression of someone sitting nearby, how shadows stretched long across the ground in the autumn.

Exploring these concepts, Renoir became one of the early members along with Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley of the Impressionist school, a style of 19th century art known for its exploration of light effects, broad brushstrokes, and ordinary subjects including people on the beach, flower gardens, and other scenes of everyday life.

Later in his career Renoir sought to achieve a more crisp style of painting. It’s thought this change was influenced by a trip he took to Italy in 1881 to study the great works of the Italian Renaissance, painted by artists like Raphael.
Europe, Visual Arts

Kodachrome

Arts Days: June 22, 2009: Photo Finish
Kodachrome was the favored film of many a photographer over the course of its 74-year history, but it simply could not compete with the rise of today’s digital media and development. When the company pulled the plug on Kodachrome, it accounted for only one percent of sales of all the film Kodak sold. Until then, it had been famous for the richness of color it imparted to photos and for the ability of images to retain their deep hues, even decades after they had been taken.

However, using the film meant you had to engage in a special, complex development process, or hire someone to do it for you, which made using Kodachrome more expensive for the photographer than other types of film. Still, many thought the extra cost was worth it.
Visual Arts, Inventions, History

Frank Lloyd Wright

Arts Days: June 08, 1867: The Wright Stuff
In the houses, churches, and museums he designed over his career, architect Frank Lloyd Wright sought more fervently than any architect before him to marry building design with environment—specifically, its land, trees, and bodies of water. Through his “organic architecture,” Wright created harmony between building materials and a structure’s natural surroundings. For example, when hired to design a home in the Southwest, he used rock in the design and let the desert vistas inspire the property’s lines.

A fine example of Wright’s “Prairie School” style with its low, horizontal lines is Westcott House in Ohio. And Fallingwater, in Pennsylvania, seems to spring forth from the rocks on which it’s built—the very same rocks where a waterfall runs. And Wright’s most iconic building, the Guggenheim Museum in New York City, with its curved, rounded lines, stands in stark contrast with the hard-edged skyscrapers that surround it.
Architecture, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts

Richard Avedon

Arts Days: May 15, 1923: Capturing Souls with a Click
The creative eye of Richard Avedon shaped high fashion and documentary photography as few other professional photographers have.

Throughout his 50-year career, Avedon’s long affiliations with Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue magazines meant fashion photography would never be the same. He specialized in portraits of celebrities from the arts and public service to strangers on the street—each one intimate, revealing a moment captured in time. Many of these portraits feature subjects looking squarely at the camera with a plain background, resulting in shots filled with quiet, simple dignity. Interestingly, Avedon applied artistic principles of composition and juxtaposition to his pictures much as a painter would have.

Avedon was also present at key historical moments in the U.S. and abroad. He documented events during both the civil rights movement and anti-war movements in the 1960s and 1970s, and took many shots of the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Fashion, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts

Salvador Dali

Arts Days: May 11, 1904: The Eccentric Dreamer
The school of artwork we call Surrealism took a radical leap forward when Salvador Dali teamed up with fellow Surrealists in the late 1920s. The Surrealists were rebelling against what they saw as predictable, traditional art, and Dali—who had already been kicked out of art school and was famous for his eccentric behavior and attire—fit right in.

His artworks—including The Persistence of Memory, with its clocks draped over trees, ledges, and what appears to be a piece of bone with a face not unlike Dali’s own— are filled with quirky images, startling contrasts, and symbolism (meaning that one object stood for something else—an idea, a memory, a concept). But some of his images are surprisingly sentimental: People he loved, like Lucia, a woman who took care of him when he was a child, appear frequently in his art.
Europe, Visual Arts, Innovators & Pioneers

Joan Miró

Arts Days: April 20, 1893: Señor of Surreal
The playful works of the Spanish painter and sculptor Joan Miró are admired and appreciated around the world today, but when he first created them, they shocked viewers. No one had ever seen serious paintings filled with colorful, cartoon-like blobs, some of which looked like animals or eyes or socks floating across the canvas.

Miró, who early in his career painted landscapes and still-lifes of recognizable objects, didn’t care about what people thought about his style of painting. What he cared about was rejecting what he saw as people’s narrow assumptions of what art was…and was not. He was part of a group of artists called the Surrealists, working in the 1920s that was creating art filled with startling, funny, or just plain odd images.
Europe, Visual Arts, Innovators & Pioneers

Raphael

Arts Days: April 06, 1483: Renaissance Man
Raffaello Sanzio is considered one of the finest painters of the Italian Renaissance, which flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries. And so, Raphael needs only one name. His paintings, including The Madonna of the Meadow and The School of Athens (one of the series of paintings in the Vatican’s Stanze di Rafaello, or “Raphael’s rooms”) are filled with trademarks of his signature techniques, from their rich, luminous colors to the graceful placement of his human figures.

Important apprenticeships, combined with his own abundant talent, set the stage for Raphael’s thriving career painting commissioned pieces for churches and royal palaces. There’s also no question he paid attention to what Leonardo da Vinci was doing. But in the end, Raphael’s style—its nod to classic Greek art, the soft light that pervades many of the images—came to be all his own.
Europe, Visual Arts

Leonardo Da Vinci

Arts Days: April 15, 1452: The Da Vinci Mode
Though some assume his last name was “da Vinci,” no one really knows the last name of perhaps the greatest all-around creative genius who ever lived. The left-handed Leonardo was so very good at so many things: painting (the portrait of Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, and The Adoration of the Magi ), solving math problems, playing music, and technological inventiveness—he envisioned an early helicopter and other flying machines.

He learned about these subjects while apprenticing with various artists, doctors, and others, but his own curiosity helped him apply all he learned in entirely new ways. His interests fed off of one another. For example, his human anatomy sketches are stunning in their detail and accuracy, and that understanding of how bodies moved helped him to be a better painter. Leonardo also brought his deep understanding of geometry to his art, arranging figures in ways thought to be pleasing to the eye of the spectator. His contributions to art and science are impossible to measure.
Europe, Inventions, Innovators & Pioneers, Visual Arts

Vigeland

Arts Days: April 11, 1869: A Park of One’s Own
Sculptor Gustav Vigeland learned to carve wood when he was just a child, a skill that would serve him well as he moved on to working with different substances, like stone. At the end of the 19th century, he toured Italy and France where he visited the workshop of another great sculptor, Auguste Rodin.

Perhaps his greatest work is Vigeland Park, which came about when he persuaded the city of Oslo to give him a building in which to live and work. In exchange, he would give Oslo all of his subsequent creations. Today, on 80 acres of land, you can visit Vigeland Park, where hundreds of granite and bronze artworks stand, from whimsical statues of dancing babies to the Monolith, a 46-foot high totem depicting dozens of intertwined bodies rising up into the sky.
Europe, Visual Arts

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