and the Librettist
Arts, Performing Arts
Acquisition and integration of knowledge, Extension and refinement
of knowledge, Meaningful use of knowledge
will delve into the world of the composer and librettist. Their
relationship to each other and to the opera is explored. Verdi
and Piave's partnership is discussed along with the social and
historical events that were occurring during their lives.
Black Dog Opera Library Series
video starring Pavoratti (Jean Pierre Ponelle film version)
Rigoletto's Story; part
1 and part
and Piave: A Typical Partnership
and Extension-Specific Resources: See unit overview
General Internet Resources: See unit overview
Standards for Arts Education:
5-8, Standards 6, 7, 8, 9
will understand the role of the composer and the librettist, and
the social history during the time when Rigoletto was created.
Critical thinking skills
Compare and contrast
Define the terms COMPOSER and LIBRETTIST. Ask the students if
they can think of other areas in which people create things in
as the composer and librettist team.
Read the information on the composer and the librettist at the
end of this unit. What was happening in the world at the time
of this writing? How did the situation in Italian politics at
this time contribute to the writing of the opera?
Rigoletto was based upon a play by the famous French writer Victor Hugo.
Hugo also wrote the book on which the musical Les Miserables
was based. Can the students think of other times when books or
plays have been turned into other art forms? Why do they think
that people change these from one art form to another?
Hugo's play was originally called The King's Amusement.
The government censors in Italy would not let the opera be written
about a king? Why do the students think that this might be?
On a sheet of paper have the students list the advantages and
disadvantages of working in a creative team.
students understand the relationship of the composer and the librettist
to each other and to the opera?
Continue to lesson
Dog Opera Series Rigoletto CD