unit is geared for later elementary and middle grades. It fuses language
arts and music to explore one of Verdi's first masterpieces. It explores
the opera from the standpoint of plot and character and then examines
how Verdi uses operatic conventions and tonal shading to create dramatic
tension and unforgettable musical characterizations.
complete this unit, a teacher should have a recording of the complete
opera that includes a libretto with a good translation. The Black
Dog Opera Library Series fulfills this requirement admirably. All
references to the CD will be to this recording. In addition, after
completing the units you may want to show your students a video of
the entire film. The only currently available version is the Jean-Pierre
Ponelle film starring Pavarotti. Preview this tape first, as there
may be some material that you find objectionable in the second act.
unit, there are 8 lessons of varying length:
may print the entire
unit in unformatted HTML or print each lesson individually by
clicking the icon at the top of each lesson. The full-unit version
differs slightly from the individual lessons, which adhere to the
ARTSEDGE lesson template.
following Internet resources may be used to extend and enhance the
and Specific Resources:
This site contains synopses, librettos, performance history, and
pictures of the opera Rigoletto.
Opera: Learn About Opera
The San Francisco Opera has a great "Learn about Opera Site."
It also has a wonderful interactive education section that students
Education at the
Visit the Texaco Opera Learning Program at the Met. Special categories
to explore are Creating Original Opera, and Growing up with Opera.
America: K-12 Resources
The Arts Education Leadership site is host to Opera America. You
can find information on this program for all levels of K-12.