Henry VIII marries his sixth wife.
Only six days old, Mary Stuart becomes Mary
Queen of Scots after the death of her father, James V.
museum is erected in France.
Brueghel paints The
Fall of Icarus.
Elizabeth I ascends to the throne.
The first coffeehouse opens in Venice.
England begins participation in the slave trade.
The Anglican Church is founded in England.
Michelangelo, sculptor of The
Pieta, dies in Rome.
A quarter of the London population is wiped out by a disease known
as the "sweating sickness."
James Burbage starts the first playhouse in England.
The population of China reaches 60 million people.
European porcelain is developed.
Francis Drake is the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world.
Pope Gregory VIII calculated the Gregorian Calendar, which is the
calendar in use today.
The University of Edinburgh opens in Scotland.
Dutchman Simon Stevin is the first to use decimal fractions in mathematics.
Walter Raleigh claims the first English colony in North America, Roanoke
Island, and names the territory Virginia.
Mary Queen of Scots is beheaded in England after being implicated
in a plot to murder Elizabeth I.
Shakespeare's first play, Henry VI, opens onstage.
First version of Edmund Spenser's heroic epic, The Faerie Queene,
Francois Viete brings letters into arithmetic with the advent of algebra.
Hideyoshi, dictator of Japan, unsuccessfully tries to invade Korea.
pens some of his most well-known plays, including Romeo and Juliet,
A Midsummer Night's Dream, and Much Ado About Nothing.
Queen Elizabeth I dies after her 45-year reign in England, and is
replaced by James I.
theater is introduced in Kyoto, Japan.
King James I charters the Plymouth and London Companies, which found
the Jamestown Colony in Virginia in his honor.
builds the first astronomical telescope to observe the planets and
The King James version of The Bible is published.
Tobacco is introduced by John Rolfe as a cash crop to the colonists
Mikhail Romanov of Russia marks the beginning of the 200-year Romanov
William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes both die.