suggested reading
primary sources


The following print and Internet materials provide additional information about Louis Armstrong. The references are divided into the following categories; within each category, the most recent publication is listed first.


Armstrong, L. 1993. Swing That Music. New York: Da Capo Press. Originally published in 1936 (London and New York: Longmans, Green).

Armstrong, L. 1971. A Self-Portrait. New York: Eakins Press.

Armstrong, L. 1954. Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans. New York: New American Library.


Giddens, G. 2001. Satchmo: The Genius of Louis Armstrong. New York: Da Capo Press.

Berrett, J., ed. 1999. The Louis Armstrong Companion: Eight Decades of Commentary. New York: Schirmer Books.

Brothers, T. 1999. Louis Armstrong: In His Own Words. New York: Oxford University Press.

Strob, I.. 1999. Louis Armstrong: The Definitive Biography. Bertram Thompson, trans. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

Bergreen, L. 1998. Louis Armstrong: An Extravagant Life. New York: Broadway Books.

Boujut, Michel. 1998. Louis Armstrong. New York: Rizzoli International Publications.

Giddins, G. 1998. Satchmo. New York: Da Capo Press.

Gioia, T. 1997. The History of Jazz. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Travis, Dempsey J. 1997. The Louis Armstrong Odyssey: From Jane Alley to America's Jazz Ambassador. Chicago: Urban Research Press.

Miller, M., ed. 1994. Louis Armstrong: A Cultural Legacy. Seattle: Queens Museum of Art, New York, in association with University of Washington Press.

Hadlock, R. 1988. Jazz Masters of the Twenties. New York: Da Capo Press.

Jones, M. and J. Chilton. 1988. Louis: The Louis Armstrong Story, 1900-1971. New York: Da Capo Press.

Pinfold, M. 1987. Louis Armstrong, His Life and Times. Tunbridge Wells, England: Spellmount; New York: Universe Books. [including discography]

Schuller, G. 1986. Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Development. New York: Oxford University Press.

Collier, J.L. 1985. Louis Armstrong: An American Success Story. New York: Macmillan Pub. Co.

Ramsey, F., Jr. and C. E. Smith. 1985. Jazzmen. New York: Limelight Editions.

Feather, L. 1984. From Satchmo to Miles. New York: Da Capo Press.

Collier, J.L. 1983. Louis Armstrong: An American Genius. New York: Oxford University Press.

Panassié, H. 1980. Louis Armstrong. New York: Da Capo Press.

Hoskins, R. 1979. Louis Armstrong: Biography of a Musician. Los Angeles: Holloway House Pub. Co. [including list of films and discography]

Jones, M., J. Chilton, and L. Feather. 1970. Salute to Satchmo. London: I.P.C. Specialist & Professional Press Ltd.

Williams, M. T. 1979. Jazz Masters of New Orleans. New York: Da Capo Press.

Green, Stanley, ed. 1978. Kings of Jazz. South Brunswick, N.J.: A. S. Barnes.

Austin, W. 1966. Music in the 20th Century, from Debussy through Stravinsky. New York: W. W. Norton.

Goffin, R. 1947. Horn of Plenty; The Story of Louis Armstrong. James F. Bezou, trans. New York: Allen, Towne & Heath.

Children's and Young Adult Books

Fahlenkamp-Merrell, Kindle. 2001. Louis Armstrong. Chanhassen, Minn.: Child's World.

Gourse, Leslie. 2001. Louis' Children. New York: Cooper Square Press.

Old, Wendie C. 1998. Louis Armstrong: King of Jazz. African-American Biographies series. Springfield, NJ: Enslow Publishers, Inc.

Millender, Daruthula H. 1997. Louis Armstrong; Young Music Maker. New York: Aladdin Paperbacks.

Orgill, Roxanne. 1997. If I Only Had a Horn: Young Louis Armstrong. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Schroeder, Alan. 1996. Satchmo's Blues. New York: Doubleday Book for Young Readers.

Brown, Sandford. 1993. Louis Armstrong: Singing, Swinging Satchmo. Impact Biography series. Franklin Watts, Inc.

McKissack, Patricia and Frederick McKissack. 1991. Louis Armstrong: Jazz Musician. Great African Americans Series. Beverly Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, Inc.

Tanenhaus, Sam. 1989. Louis Armstrong. Black Americans of Achievement series. New York: Chelsea House Publishers.

Print Articles

Giddins, G., ed. 1985. "Armstrong at 85." Village Voice, xxx (27 Aug): 65.

Rye, H. 1980. "Visiting Firemen, 2: Louis Armstrong." Storyville, no. 89: 184.

author unknown. 1975. "Louis: By his Friends," Storyville, no. 59: 180.

Caffey, L. 1975. "The Musical Style of Louis Armstrong 1925-1929." Journal of Jazz Studies, iii/1: 72-96.

Colombe, G. M. 1974. "How Do They Age So Well?: Louis's Last Half Dozen." Jazz Journal, xxvii/1: 22.

Englund, B. 1973. "Louis Armstrong in Scandinavia, 1933." Storyville, no. 49: 23.

Zwicky, T. 1970. "Louis and some West Coast Friends." Storyville, no. 29: 176.

Traill, S. 1970. "Back o' Louis." Jazz Journal, xxiii/7: 24.

Kumm, B. 1968. "Louis Armstrong: Reflections on King Oliver and the Cotton Club." Storyville, no. 19: 9.

Romary, F. 1968. "Struttin' with Some Louis." Storyville, no. 15: 5.

Williams, M. 1965. "Satchmo and the Soloist." Jazz Journal, xviii/6: 5.

Edey, M. 1959. "Louis Armstrong." Jazz Review, ii, Aug. 28.

Lambert, G. E. 1959. "Louis Armstrong Today." Jazz Monthly, v/4: 10.

Houlden, D. 1958. "All Stars Past and Present." Jazz Journal, xi/3: 3.

Halberstam, D. 1957. "A Day with Satchmo." Jazz Journal, x/8: 1.

Internet Articles

Crouch, S. 2000. "The Jazz Musician: Louis Armstrong." Time.

Gottlieb, B. 2000. "Weighting With Louis Armstrong," August.

Hasse, J. E. 2000. "The Importance of Being Louis," May-June.

Crouch, S. 2000. "Wherever He Went, Joy Was Sure to Follow," New York Times. March 12.

van Deusen, D. T. 1999. "Louis Armstrong & Bessie Smith." September.

van Deusen, D. T. 1998. "'Pops' and the Preacher," August.

Krebs, Albin. 1971. "Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies," New York Times. July 7.
reviews/ armstrong-obit.html

Borneman, E. 1948. "Bop Will Kill Business Unless it Kills Itself First." Downbeat. April.

author unknown. 1941. "Berigan 'Can't Do No Wrong,' Says Armstrong," Downbeat. September.

Breck, P. 1939. "This Isn't Bunk; Bunk Taught Louis." Downbeat. June.

author unknown. 1935. "My Chops Was Beat-But I'm Dyin' to Swing Again." Downbeat. June.

Kraemer, W. date unknown. "Louis, The Movie."

Jones, H. K. date unknown. "Reminiscin': Louis."

Songbooks and Sheet Music

Grigson, L. 1992. Louis Armstrong Study Album. (trumpet). London: Novello.

Armstrong, L. date unknown. "What A Wonderful World." (piano/vocal/chords). Published by Hal Leonard.

Armstrong, L. and S. Allen. date unknown. "Cool Yule (Medley)." (choral). Kirby Shaw, arr. Published by Hal Leonard.

Armstrong, L., G. D. Weiss, and B. Thiele. date unknown. "What a Wonderful World." (instrumental-solo/ensemble). Jack Lamb, ed. Published by Warner Brothers.

Dingley, B., ed. date unknown. Essential Jazz Editions - Set #2: Louis Armstrong, 1926-1929. (jazz ensemble). Randy Sandke, trans. Published by Warner Brothers.


author unknown. 1961. A Jazz Master. New York. [20 solos]

Castle, L. 1947. Louis Armstrong's Immortal Trumpet Solos. New York.

Persson, B., transcriber. 1927. 125 Jazz Breaks for Cornet. Chicago: Melrose Music Co.

Persson, B., transcriber. 1927. Louis Armstrong's 50 Hot Choruses for Cornet. Chicago: Melrose Music Co.

Bibliographies, Filmographies, Discographies

Westerberg, H. 1981. Boy from New Orleans: Louis 'Satchmo" Armstrong: On Records, Films, Radio and Television. Copenhagen: Jazzmedia. [including discography]

Stratemann, K. 1977-1978. "Louis Armstrong: a Filmo-discography." International Association of Jazz Record Collectors Journal, x-xi.

Englund, B. 1975. "A Louis Armstrong Filmography." Coda, xii/3: 5.

Jepsen, J.G. 1973. A Discography of Louis Armstrong: 1923-1971. Copenhagen: Knudsen.

author unknown. 1971. Satchmo: Collector's Copy. Hollywood, CA. [iconography]